Nutritionist

Do you have any questions about our products or about the nutrition of your animal?

Our nutrition experts are at your disposal:
+49 (0) 800 333 8 222 (toll-free)
expertenteam@bosch-tiernahrung.de

Monday - Friday:
7.30 - 12 o'clock and 13 - 16 o'clock

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is African swine fever dangerous to my dog or cat? Open or Close

    Recently, some dog and cat owners have been questioning whether African swine fever (ASP) can be transmitted to their four-legged friends. ASP is a viral disease affecting domestic pigs and wild boars, and our pets, such as dogs and cats, cannot be infected with it. Nor is it a zoonotic, meaning that it cannot be transmitted from animals to humans.

    Pig and wild boar meat originating in Germany is ASP-free, as Germany is considered to be an ASP-free region. Furthermore, strict controls on slaughter apply. Pigs or wild boars suffering from ASP must not be slaughtered, but instead must be killed and their bodies burned under the control of the authorities. Pigs and wild boar from endangered districts, restricted areas or observation areas must not be slaughtered (veterinary checks are based on freedom from ASP). If an ASP outbreak occurs outside Germany, comprehensive EU measures also apply. There is an ban on the movement of live pigs in the areas currently affected by ASP infection in the north-east of the European Union, and the export of ASP-free animals is also prohibited.

    The ASP virus can also be reliably inactivated by temperatures above 72°C. As a result of the temperatures in our food and snack production process, the safe inactivation of the ASP virus is assured.

    Consequently, it should be noted that the ASP virus is not infectious to dogs or cats and there are strict controls on the slaughter of pigs. Only animals that have been slaughtered in a healthy condition and approved for human consumption by the veterinarian are used in our products. Our production process guarantees a safe inactivation of germs.

  • What is understood by the term "crude fibre"? Open or Close

    "Crude fibre" is the legally prescribed term which essentially describes the plant fibres present in the pet food. Simplified, one can say: crude fibre = plant fibre.

    Therefore, raw fibre predominantly comprises fibrous plant constituents, which are commonly referred to as "fibre". The term "crude fibre" encompasses relatively indigestible plant constituents which have a variety of physical and chemical properties and which therefore have an important intestinal regulatory function in the digestive systems of pets. The intestine-regulating effect of crude fibre can have an impact in two directions. On the one hand, it can act as a bulking agent for faeces, but on the other hand it can act as a laxative. You may be aware of this effect from wheat bran, which also plays a specific role in the human diet today. Wheat bran also consists of crude fibre to a large extent.

    The intestine-regulating effect of crude fibre is partially based on its water-binding capacity, due to the increase in the volume of faeces due to the low digestibility level and its influence on the intestinal flora.

    Intestinal flora is understood as the important and desirable bacteria which are always present in the intestine of healthy animals (particularly in the large intestine). To achieve healthy and natural intestinal activity, cats and dogs must therefore ingest a certain minimum amount of fibre in their food, in the correct form and the correct amount.

    Due to its low digestibility, an excessive amount of crude fibre leads to a greatly increased amount of faeces. In addition, an excessively high crude fibre content affects the digestibility, and therefore the utilisation, of the other vital nutrients present in the pet food. However, it must be emphasised at this point that in addition to the fibre covered by the term "crude fibre", there is a whole series of other plant substances which have a regulating effect on the intestines and digestive system. These include, in particular, the soluble plant constituents which cannot be digested by the digestive enzymes in the anterior intestinal sections, but which can then be used as an excellent nutrient source for the bacteria living in the posterior intestinal sections (particularly in the large intestine). As a result, targeted selection of these "dietary fibres" will allow particular groups of desirable bacteria to develop particularly well, which in turn inhibit unwanted bacteria which can cause diarrhoea, for example. This ultimately leads to better and easier digestion for the animal.

    As is so often the case, it is not just the amount of fibre in the diet that counts, but, above all, the right combination of different easily soluble fibres and less soluble fibres. Therefore, the crude fibre content declared is more a measure of the difficult to digest fibres, which should make up only about 2 to 3% of the pet food, as higher levels - as said above - lead to a significant reduction in digestibility and large amounts of faeces. Only in pet food in which the energy content deliberately has to be reduced (e.g. Senior for older animals, and Light for overweight animals), are higher crude fibre contents necessary. The best known fibre carriers are generally cereals, vegetables, beet pulp fibres and similar, which are contained therein. As you now know, crude fibre is of secondary importance to the actual supply of essential nutrients. Its most important function is rather in the maintenance of intestinal activity, which is important for the digestion.

  • What is understood by the term "crude ash"? Open or Close

    "Crude ash" is the legally prescribed term which essentially describes the minerals present in the pet food. Simplified, one can say: raw ash = minerals.

    Minerals are broken down into nutritional elements such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium and chlorine, as well as trace elements such as iron, copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt, selenium and iodine, to name but a few. Minerals are often viewed exclusively in the context of skeletal mineralisation. However, this is only a subset of their functions, applying to calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. In addition, the nutritional and trace elements have very far-reaching functions in nerve and muscle metabolism, in the regulation of water balance, in blood, in pigmentation, as part of many metabolic enzymes and hormones, in fertility, etc. .. It should be noted that it is precisely because of these diverse, very complicated functions that both a deficiency or an excess or an imbalance in minerals can lead to serious disorders. Therefore, you should not add anything to our complete diets, especially no highly concentrated mineral mixtures. Otherwise, there is a high risk that imbalances will arise and that the opposite effect will be achieved by supplementing the preparations than what was intended. In practice, such mineral concentrates are often mistakenly used to prevent skeletal abnormalities, particularly in growing dogs. This is not usually necessary.

  • What is understood by the term "fat content"? Open or Close

    "Fat content" is the legally prescribed term which essentially describes the fats present in the pet food. Simplified, one can say: fat content = fat.

    Fat is not just an important source of energy. Individual fat components, the essential fatty acids, have a effect on the development of skin and hair which is similar to that of vitamins, and they also fulfil various functions in the cell metabolism and support the body's own defences. Particularly important in this context are the omega-6 fatty acids (e.g. linoleic acid, arachidonic acid) and the omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid). As the essential fatty acids are very sensitive and can easily be destroyed, they must be protected by the addition of antioxidant substances (antioxidants) to prevent deficiencies in your dog or cat.

  • What is understood by the term "protein"? Open or Close

    "Protein" is the legally prescribed term which essentially covers the proteins present in the pet food. Simplified, one can say: protein covers all types of protein.

    Protein is present in virtually every body cell of dogs and cats and plays a very important role in all life processes. Protein is therefore a very important nutrient, to which high importance must therefore be given in the diet.

    But why do dogs or cats react very differently to different foods that have the same protein content on the packaging (based on crude protein content) according to the declaration? Well, this is related to the composition of the protein used in the pet food, and to the digestive and metabolic processes of the animal.

    To put it simply, imagine pet food protein as a string of pearls, whereby the pearls are amino acids. There are about 20 different amino acids. The order of these amino acids on the bead string is hereditary and characteristic to each protein particle. Of course, this also applies to the body protein of the cat or dog. It is necessary that some of the protein building blocks, the amino acids, are present in a sufficient quantity in the pet food, because dogs and cats are not able to produce these essential amino acids themselves or to replace them with other substances. If you are then aware that all the digestive enzymes do in principle is cut through the string of the pearl necklace that holds the individual amino acids together, it becomes clear that dogs and cats are more dependent on the correct amino acid supply than on the supply itself, which only takes protein as a whole into consideration.

    The protein is broken down in the intestines into its individual components, the amino acids, and these are then taken from the intestine into the blood and transported to the places where the dog or cat must build up their body's own protein. However, only the amino acids which can be taken from the pet food into the organism are available to the animal. The higher the quality of the food, i.e. the more precisely the amino acid composition of the pet food protein meets the needs of the dog or cat, the better the pet food protein can be utilised. However, the better the pet food protein is utilised, the lower the protein content of the feed may be, for example, to supply the dog with all the amino acids that it requires. This is also a major cause of the observation confirmed to us by breeders that feeding pets with our products leads to better feeding success than with the products of competitors with comparatively higher protein contents.

    This is certainly also related to the fact that excess protein must be broken down into urea, which not only leads to energy losses, but also to an unnecessary burden on the metabolism and certain organs (e.g. the liver and kidneys). And that certainly must not be the case. It is not the concentration, but the quality of the protein in the pet food that counts.

  • Is animal meal ("bonemeal") used in the production of bosch pet food? Open or Close

    No. Here, we must point out that since 2001 (i.e. since the BSE crisis), it has been strictly prohibited to use animal meal or other products (e.g. fats) from animal rendering plants in animal feed. This also applies to pet food. For the production of animal feed, and therefore pet food, only edible animal products, i.e. those originating from animals which have been veterinary tested and intended for slaughter for human consumption, may be used. This is a law valid throughout the EU.

    However, we can confirm that even before this legal regulation came into force, we had never used animal meal or fats from animal rendering plants in our pet food. We have always used only products from animals slaughtered for normal human consumption. In this respect, it was no problem for us to implement the new legal regulation.

  • Is soy used in the production of bosch pet food? Open or Close

    No, we do not use either soy proteins or soybean oils. Although soy protein is very cheap on the one hand, it still contains a number of difficult-to-digest carbohydrates (even after sufficient heating), which can lead to soft faeces and flatulence. In addition, the majority of soybean cultivation worldwide is now being carried out using genetically modified seeds.

  • Does my dog/cat really need variety in his/her diet? Open or Close

    Basically, your dog or cat does not need variety in their diet. They can tolerate the same pet food for years if it is balanced and fulfils their nutritional needs.

  • How should I prepare the food for my dog? Open or Close

    In principle, all our feeds can be offered dry, if a sufficient amount of fresh water is available at the same time. Due to the intensive processing of the extrudates and cereal flakes, an optimal digestion and utilisation of the pet food has already been achieved. Moistening the feed can therefore only lead to an improved intake of the feed in individual cases, especially in the case of extrudate and cereal flake mixtures. In order to exploit the digestion-improving effect of moistening with warm water, the soaking time of 10 to 15 minutes is generally sufficient.

    In contrast to the conditions for young dogs and adult dogs, correct food preparation plays a very important role for puppies. Mistakes in preparing the food can quickly lead to unwanted indigestion. We therefore give the following basic recommendations for the preparation of pet food for puppies:

    1. Basically, the puppy food should always be soaked before feeding it to the puppy in the first 2 - 3 months.

    2. The liquid for soaking the puppy food (water, or better still, puppy milk) should be warmed in the first weeks so that the prepared puppy food pulp is still around 36 - 37°C when fed to the puppy. But be careful, do not feed food which is too hot!

    3. The puppies should slowly become weaned onto the puppy food from the 3rd - 4th week of age. For this purpose, only a few croquettes should be soaked in the bowl with warm water or puppy milk for the first few days, and the amount of dry food should then be increased slowly. In general, by the end of the 4th week of age, up to 15 g of puppy food per kg of body weight should be offered to the puppy. In the 5th week of age, this should be up to 20 g per kg, and in the 6th week of age, up to 30 g per kg body weight of the puppy is recommended. If the puppies regularly eat 30-40 g per feed per kg body weight, they can be weaned from their mother more easily. After weaning, the amount of pet food should be maintained for the first few days. After about one week, the food can be increased according to the feeding tables.

    4. The puppy food should not be given to the puppy if it is too pulpy or even too thin. We recommend 100 g of dry puppy food per 100 ml of liquid (warm water or puppy milk). As this mixture ratio does not fully cover the total need of the puppies, they should always be provided with fresh water, warm if possible.
  • How much food does my dog need? Open or Close

    Pet foods for dogs have very different specific weights depending on their composition and the method of production used, which is why it is essential to check how many grams of pet food the packaging container actually holds when changing pet foods. The new amount of pet food then has to be adjusted accordingly. Otherwise there is a risk of providing too much or too little food after switching to a new pet food. So do not forget to weigh the new food!

    The quantities of pet food specified in the feeding tables are reference values which may have to be reduced or exceeded in individual cases, depending on the living conditions and predisposition of the dog. The critical eye of the owner and, in individual cases, even a check weighing of the dog are very important for the important fine adjustment of the correct amount of food. Adult dogs should be fed an amount which maintains their weight within the breed-specific range.

    To do this, push your fingertips several times across your dog's ribs. You should feel a thin layer between your dog's skin and their ribs. In this case, your dog's constitution is fine.

    If you feel that your dog's skin lies almost directly on their ribs, and your dog also looks very thin and bony, this is a sign that your dog is getting too few nutrients (if the dog is otherwise healthy). Your first step should be to increase the amount of food (by about 10 - 15%) or switch to a more concentrated pet food (i.e. food with higher fat content). Then, observe your dog for a while and feel their ribs once again. If the dog still does not have the desired physical constitution, the amount of food should be carefully increased even further.

    However, if you feel that the ribs are only slightly palpable under a significant layer of fat, your dog is overweight and needs to be "slimmed down". To do this, you should first reduce all additional "rewards" and "special treats", even if these are only meant kindly. If this is not enough, you must further reduce the amount of the main pet food or switch to calorie-reduced "light" products. You should make sure that these are actually light, diet products. They should not contain more than 7% fat (max. 7% crude fat. A lower percentage is better). In addition, the energy content should be further reduced by a higher fibre content (crude fibre content of at least 4%. A higher amount is better). With all your love for your dog, remember that being overweight leads to almost the same basic problems that humans experience (cardiovascular problems, joint and skeletal problems, lack of strength, low fertility, etc.).

  • What is understood by "vegetables" in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    We use dried carrots, peas, leeks and spinach in our pet food. These vegetables are purchased from German dealers.

    (We would like to point out, however, that we always declare the composition of our premium products openly on the packaging, meaning that you can easily see which raw ingredients are actually contained in the pet food.)

  • What is understood by "yeast" in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    This is carefully dried brewer's yeast from German breweries.

    (We would like to point out, however, that we always declare the composition of our premium products openly on the packaging, meaning that you can easily see which raw ingredients are actually contained in the pet food.)

  • Are antioxidants added when producing bosch pet food? Open or Close

    Yes. As many rumours and falsehoods are circulated about antioxidants, here is some additional information:

    1. What do antioxidants actually do?
    Pet food for dogs and cats must contain fats or certain essential fatty acids (e.g. linoleic acid, arachidonic acid, etc.or omega 3 or6-fatty acids) and vitamins (e.g. vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin K). However, these vital nutrient components are subject to constant stresses during storage and are therefore decomposed or degraded over time. The trigger for the decomposition of fatty acids and vitamins is oxygen in the air. This effect is enhanced by heat, ultraviolet radiation and certain additives. Oxygen attacks the unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins, creating a "fatty acid radical", which in turn attacks other fatty acids and vitamins, therefore initiating a self-sustaining decomposition process. The decomposition process continues on its own until all essential fatty acids and vitamins have been broken down. This process produces peroxides, aldehydes, acids and polymerisation products, which are responsible for the foul smell and taste of the fat. The fat eventually goes rancid. In the process, further degradation products which are harmful for dogs and cats are also created. Antioxidants decisively delay this decomposition process. As the name implies, they act against (meaning "anti") the oxidation of nutrients, especially essential fatty acids and vitamins. If cat or dog food does not contain or contains too little of these essential fatty acids, this will quickly lead to serious health disorders such as growth disorders, a rough and dry coat, thickening of the skin, hair loss and increased susceptibility to infection of the skin. Long-term deficiency of unsaturated fatty acids can eventually lead to heart failure and infertility. If the vitamins are also decomposed in the food, typical vitamin deficiency symptoms can naturally also occur in the dogs and cats. These vitamins and essential fatty acids are therefore vital for cats and dogs must therefore be protected from oxidative degradation. The antioxidants are used for this purpose.

    2. Which antioxidants are approved?
    Currently (as of Spring 2005), a total of 15 different antioxidants are approved under pet food law. Commonly used antioxidants are BHA (E 320), BHT (E 321), propyl gallate (E 310), tocopherol extracts from vegetable oils (E 306) and various synthetic tocopherols.
    All approved antioxidants have to be stringently examined for approval under pet food law, whereby not only the mode of action is tested, but also possible harmful effects. The relevant scientific bodies of the European Union are in the process of re-examining and re-approving all additives. To this end, new or updated evidence on the efficacy and safety of the additives submitted for approval must be submitted in order to further enhance the safety of the additives. Of course, this also applies to the antioxidants. Side effects cannot be completely ruled out for some of the antioxidants at extremely high dosages, which is why the legislator has set maximum levels for these antioxidants in pet food which are within a range that is so low that there is no risk to the animals, even if the maximum permitted levels present in pet food are exceeded several times. Depending on the product, an overdose of up to 100 times would have to be taken for harmful effects to occur in animals as a result of these antioxidants. Legislators have installed an enormous safety buffer here in order to protect the animals from harmful side effects. Contrary to the widely held beliefs that antioxidants would promote the onset of cancer, many antioxidants actually have the opposite effect. For example, propyl gallate has clearly shown inhibitory properties against the occurrence of tumours caused by certain carcinogens (e.g. nitrosamines).
    Unfortunately, however, certain interest groups have repeatedly tried to discredit the antioxidants (to opposing parties), which is certainly also due to the competitive situation between the manufacturers of antioxidants, in which case it is simply said that the side effects which would possibly occur in extreme overdoses would occur even at normal dosages when present in the pet food. However, this is not the case in any of the approved antioxidants. If this were the case, the corresponding antioxidant would not have been approved for use in pet food in the first place. All of the additives, and therefore also the antioxidants, are also regularly subjected to a new evaluation (see above for the current situation) in order to ensure the mode of action and safety. The antioxidants therefore represent an important and essential group of active ingredients, especially when longer shelf lives of vitamins and essential fatty acids are important and necessary.

    We exclusively stabilise the sensitive fats used with a combination of natural tocopherols and propyl gallate. The main stabilisation is carried out with extracts of natural origin containing high levels of tocopherol, which are obtained from vegetable fats. The protective effect of these natural tocopherols is substantially improved by adding a small amount (in trace amounts) of propyl gallate, a compound belonging to the group of gallates which is also of natural origin. In comparison to the "purely chemical" antioxidants (such as ethoxiquin, BHA, BHT), this antioxidant is therefore easily broken down and utilised in metabolism due to its organic structure. The antioxidants act synergistically in the combination that we use, i.e. the overall protective effect for the sensitive fats and vitamins is better than that which would theoretically result from the sum of the individual antioxidants. The tocopherols and propyl gallate are not only approved in the pet food sector, but also for certain human foods. In this context, a correction should be mentioned, that side effects found in babies (cyanosis) cannot occur in pets, because the cause of this is due to a metabolic peculiarity in human infants under the age of 6 months. We do not use the synthetic antioxidants BHA or BHT.

    The natural tocopherols present in the tocopherol-containing extracts belong to the same substance group as vitamin E, but have a significantly lower effect than the actual vitamin E (vitamin E acetate) and, in turn, a significantly lower antioxidant effect in the pet food (on fats and vitamins). Conversely, vitamin E has an effect on the metabolism of the animals, whereas, in turn, the other tocopherols acting as antioxidants have virtually no effect.

    In summary, we can therefore say that these antioxidants, which are scientifically tested and safe and harmless in the approved dosages, are very important additives for the quality and, above all, also for the health of the animals. The negative effects of decomposed vitamins and essential fatty acids are far more harmful to the health and well-being of dogs and cats in any case.

    Incidentally, the rule is that if the product contains antioxidants, the packaging declaration must read as follows: Technical additives: Antioxidants.

  • Are artificial synthetic food colourings added when producing bosch pet food? Open or Close

    No. The differences in the colour of the products are caused by the different colouring of the raw ingredients, vitamins and trace elements contained therein. Therefore, the differences in colour are weak compared to pet food which has been enriched with synthetic food colouring.

    Incidentally, any artificial colouring used must be stated on the packaging.

  • Are animal experiments carried out during the development of bosch pet food? Open or Close

    No. The attitude of our company to animal experiments is clearly defined in our quality management manual:

    The development of new products in bosch pet food only considers projects based on foundations which have already been sufficiently scientifically researched and approved. We strictly reject any animal experiments being conducted which would lead to serious interventions on the animals or which would be associated with any pain or suffering. We therefore also condemn the animal experiments associated with torment and pain which have come to light in the past. Unfortunately, according to press releases, such experiments have also been carried out by some pet food companies. We are of the opinion that in many cases, animal experiments and the associated suffering and pain for the animals are in no way at all acceptable in relation to achieving the findings and results for which such experiments are often carried out. At times, this even gives the impression that such experiments are misused only as a cover in order to later make marketing statements in brochures and so on.

    Of course, we also have to subject our products to an "evaluation" by pets over and over again in order, for example, to better evaluate the influence of new raw ingredients, new production processes etc. on the quality of our products. Dogs and cats are living creatures, in whom - unlike machines - the reactions cannot be calculated in advance. However, the acceptance tests that may be provided in the context of product development merely serve to check the acceptance and wholesomeness of the pet food. In addition to the feeding behaviour, the consistency of the faeces, the quality of the fur and, if applicable, the general development and condition of the animals are visually assessed by the pet owners. The acceptance tests are carried out either in private households or in suitable kennel facilities and - as said above - they are basically conducted by the owners of the pets themselves. As the pet owner themselves have a great interest in sparing their pet any "inconvenience", the acceptance tests we have conducted certainly have nothing in common with the "animal experiments" mentioned above.

  • Is vitamin K3 added in the production of bosch pet food? Open or Close

    Yes. As many rumours and falsehoods are circulated about vitamin K3, here is some additional information:

    For some years there has been a discussion about the alleged harmful side effects of vitamin K3. We can inform you that these discussions lack any technical basis according to our current information. There is no actual scientific investigation to date which proves the alleged harmful side effects of vitamin K3 in the dosages commonly used in pet food. All information of this kind can be traced back to the same source of origin. Unfortunately, such misinformation is obviously deliberately disseminated by "self-proclaimed experts" and is quickly adopted by the "sensational press" without careful consideration of the original sources or their actual truth content.

    The University of Veterinary Medicine in Hanover has performed up-to-date investigations on the question of the side effects of vitamin K3. A six-month administration of a diet containing 200 mg of vitamin K3 did not cause any adverse effects on the health of lovebirds*. Therefore, none of the claims made on the Internet could be confirmed.

    In the same manner, the Expert Council of the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment expressed its position in August 2004 as follows: "according to the consensus of the participants in the discussion held by experts, there are no currently scientifically-based indications that necessarily require the re-evaluation of vitamin K or vitamin K-active substances".

    Obviously, the scientific committees of the European Union also view the matter in this way. As part of a general reassessment under the Feed Additives Regulation (Regulation (EC) No. 1831/2003 dated 22.09.2003), all additives approved in the EU (including vitamins) were subjected to a new review by EU specialist bodies. Even after this review, the EU does not see any need for action on the approval of vitamin K3 as an additive in animal feed.

    The ban on the use of vitamin K3 in humans is based on the peculiarity that newborn babies cannot yet form or store the enzyme necessary for the conversion of vitamin K3 in sufficient quantities. However, this "defect" applies only to humans. Animal experiments (with poultry) were conducted with a 1000-fold overdose, without resulting in any negative side effects. Some experiments are listed on the Internet in which the vitamin K3 was injected in excessive dosages directly under the skin or into the muscles. These are methods that cannot be compared with the feeding of vitamin K3 at all, as these methods of administration do not correspond to the normal intake method in animals. According to the current objective level of knowledge, therefore, there is nothing valid in the critical statements about vitamin K3. Of course, we will always keep an eye on further developments in this area.

    Opponents of the use of vitamin K3 are now required to use vitamin K1 instead of vitamin K3. The constantly emphasised vitamin K1 has so far not been used in the pet food sector to any appreciable extent according to our knowledge, because it also has major technical disadvantages. For example, the stability of vitamin K1 is much worse than that of vitamin K3. And what good is a vitamin supplement to an animal if it is not stable? Incidentally, vitamin K1 had not been approved for feeding animals at all until 1999. So until 1999, all animals received only vitamin K3. If this vitamin really was as dangerous as it is now claimed, we would only have had sick animals from the time that we started producing pet food for them. And this is certainly not the case, rather, the opposite. This fact alone leads to the conclusion that the allegations cannot be true.

    In addition, according to our information to date, all studies on the efficacy of vitamin K on animals have been conducted using only vitamin K3. No comprehensive studies on animals have been conducted with vitamin K1. Also, toxicity studies, according to our information, have not been done on a large scale (if at all) with vitamin K1. Therefore, there is also no information available on possible side effects of vitamin K1 at higher doses or intake as part of the diet in pets or farm animals.

    As you can see from this presentation, we currently use a very small amount of vitamin K3 as protection for the pet food. The amount present in the feed is approx. 0.0001% or 1 mg/1000 g. We consider this low safety margin to be sensible as the utilisation of the naturally occurring vitamin K in the feed can be reduced in certain load situations. This is achieved by the small but effective addition of additional security in load situations and a possible vitamin deficiency is therefore prevented.

    (*also see the inaugural doctoral thesis by Dr Carolin Hupfeld: Studies on ornamental birds (Agapornis spp.) on the tolerance of different levels of vitamin K3 in complete food, 2003)

  • What is the meat content of bosch pet food? Open or Close

    First of all, it must be pointed out that the meat content - even if this is claimed over and over again - is ultimately not a criterion for the quality of a pet food. Logically, pet food with a higher guaranteed protein content must have a higher meat content, since the protein is introduced to the pet food mainly through animal products. The higher the protein content, the higher the meat content. But even with the same protein content, the meat content itself does not provide any information about the actual quality of the pet food. One type of meat and another type of meat are not equal. There is rich meat, lean meat, bonier meat.

    In order to get the same amount of protein, for example, a higher amount of rich meat must be used, since this automatically has a lower protein content due to the fat content. You automatically need less of a leaner meat, simply because it contains less fat and more protein.

    In addition, when comparing between different types of pet food, one also has to remember that there are other sources of animal protein (e.g. whole egg, milk powder, fish meal, etc.), which also contribute to the protein (better amino acid) supply to the animals to a greatly outstanding degree. As such animal proteins are used, the level of meat products must be reduced to avoid an oversupply of protein, especially in dogs.

    In addition, the proportion of meat also depends on the overall formulation and the protein content of the other components. For example, if you have a diet high in low-protein components (such as cereal flours), the amount of animal protein will automatically have to be higher, as you will need to compensate for this by adding more protein carriers. These few examples make it clear that the meat content is not actually a suitable value for assessing the quality of a pet food.

    Nevertheless, we would like to inform you that the ratio of protein to raw ingredients of animal origin approximately corresponds to a ratio of 1:1.5.
    Detailed information can be found in the composition of the individual products.

  • What is understood by "cereals" in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    We use whole grains, which originate mainly from southern Germany. The following cereals are used: corn, wheat and barley. The rice comes mainly from southern European cultivation areas (Northern Italy). In addition, some products still contain cereal flours (e.g. baking wheat flour from southern Germany).

    (We would like to point out, however, that we always declare the composition of our premium products openly on the packaging, meaning that you can easily see which raw ingredients are actually contained in the pet food.)

  • Which meat products are used in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    These include dried meat products of all animal species commonly consumed in Germany by humans: poultry, lamb, beef and pork. The raw ingredients are exclusively from edible animals which have been approved and slaughtered for human consumption. This means that we do not process any products from animal rendering plants (bonemeal or slaughter waste products which are not suitable for consumption, such as horns, hooves, claws, etc.). The meat products are already gently heated and dried in the production plants in accordance with strict German and European regulations. The meat products come exclusively from Germany and the neighbouring member states of the European Union. Only lamb is an exception here, as too few lambs are slaughtered in the European Union and the demand is therefore covered by imports predominantly from Australia or New Zealand.

    (We would like to point out, however, that we always declare the composition of our premium products openly on the packaging, meaning that you can easily see which raw ingredients are actually contained in the pet food.)

  • What is understood by "eggs and egg products" in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    For these products, we use very gently dried whole egg powder (from Germany and France).

    (We would like to point out, however, that we always declare the composition of our premium products openly on the packaging, meaning that you can easily see which raw ingredients are actually contained in the pet food.)

  • What is understood by "vegetable by-products" in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    These include the fibre carriers which are indispensable for optimum digestion, such as beet pulp (beet fibre of German origin) and wheat semolina bran (origin from German mills), as well as some special fibres (e.g. fructo-oligosaccharides, inulin, sparingly soluble plant fibres). Furthermore, we include flaxseed (from Germany), corn gluten (from Germany) and wheat germ (from Germany) in this group of ingredients.

    (We would like to point out, however, that we always declare the composition of our premium products openly on the packaging, meaning that you can easily see which raw ingredients are actually contained in the pet food.)

  • What is understood by "oils and fats" in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    These include animal fats (high-quality poultry fat and lard). The fats are obtained exclusively from edible animals, i.e. those slaughtered for human consumption.

  • What is understood by "fish and fish products" in bosch pet food? Open or Close

    For this we use only high-quality, gently dried fish meal from deep-sea fish (due to its high omega fatty acid content) of German origin, which guarantees optimal freshness.

    (We would like to point out, however, that we always declare the composition of our premium products openly on the packaging, meaning that you can easily see which raw ingredients are actually contained in the pet food.)

  • How often should my dog be fed? Open or Close

    Due to the large feed intake capacity of the dog's stomach, it is sufficient for adult dogs with low stress levels and correspondingly reduced amounts of food to be fed once per day. For sensitive dogs which are prone to indigestion or for more demanding dogs, the daily amount of food should be divided between two and three meals.

    After eating, the dog should be permitted to rest for two to three hours to optimally digest the food. In working dogs, the last meal should be fed at least 6 hours before the dog performs, to ensure optimal performance. The first meal after the activity should be provided 2-3 hours later. Irregular feeding times should be avoided as much as possible due to the disadvantages of sufficient digestive activity.

Frequently Asked Questions

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